- 各項的手術性根管治療： 根尖手術，膿腫摘除，牙齒再植，牙齒移植，牙根切除，牙齒半切除。
OD and Endo
For Operative dentistry (OD):
the major service of OD was rebuid the minor to moderate tooth defect as chipping or dental caries.
Caries was the defect caused by bacteria and poor oral hygiene.It can't stop or self heaing except removal by dentist. The defect rebuid can be a amlgan filling, resin restoration and Inay/ Onlay cementation.
For Endodontic department:
the major service of Endo was removal of pulp tissue within tooth. Since the nerve systmen in tooth (pulp) was affected by dental caries or traumatic tooth fracture exposure, the pulp should be removed and enlargment for filling. If the necortic pulp was substianed in the tooth, periapical abscess and cyst formation over apical region will be foound.